grdsample − Resample a grd file onto a new grid |
grdsample in_grdfile −Gout_grdfile [ −F ] [ −Idx[m|c][/dy[m|c]] ] [ −Lflag ] [ −Nnx/ny ] [ −Q[value] ] [ −Rwest/east/south/north[r] ] [ −T ] [ −V ] |
grdsample reads a grdfile and interpolates it to create a new grdfile with either: a different registration (−T); or, a new grid-spacing (−I) or number of nodes (−N), and perhaps also a new sub-region (−R). Interpolation is bicubic [Default] or bilinear (−Q) and uses boundary conditions (−L). Note that using (−R) only is equivalent to grdcut or grdedit −S. grdsample safely creates a fine mesh from a coarse one; the converse may suffer aliasing unless the data are filtered using grdfft or grdfilter. |
in_grdfile |
The name of the input 2-D binary grd file. |
−G |
The name of the output grd file. |
No space between the option flag and the associated arguments. |
−F |
Force pixel registration. [Default is grid registration]. |
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−I |
x_inc [and optionally y_inc] is the grid spacing. Append m to indicate minutes or c to indicate seconds. If one of the units e, k, i, or n is appended instead, the increment will be assumed to be in meter, km, miles, or nautical miles, respectively, and will be converted to the equivalent degrees longitude at the middle latitude of the region (the conversion depends on ELLIPSOID). If /y_inc is given but set to 0 it will be reset equal to x_inc; otherwise it will be converted to degrees latitude. If = is appended then the corresponding max x (east) or y (north) may be slightly adjusted to fit exactly the given increment [by default the increment may be adjusted slightly to fit the given domain]. Finally, instead of giving an increment you may specify the number of nodes desired by appending + to the supplied increment; the increment is then recalculated from the number of nodes and the domain. The resulting increment value depends on whether you have selected a gridline-registered or pixel- registered grid; see Appendix B for details. |
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−L |
Boundary condition flag may be x or y or xy indicating data is periodic in range of x or y or both set by −R, or flag may be g indicating geographical conditions (x and y are lon and lat). [Default uses "natural" conditions (second partial derivative normal to edge is zero).] |
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−N |
Specify number of columns nx and rows ny of new grid. |
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−Q |
Quick mode, use bilinear rather than bicubic interpolation [Default]. Optionally, append value in the 0 <= value <= 1 range. This parameter controls how close to nodes with NaN values the interpolation will go. E.g., a value of 0.5 will interpolate about 1/2-way from a non-NaN to a NaN node, whereas 0.1 will go about 90% of the way, etc. [Default is 1, which means none of the four nearby nodes may be NaN]. A value of 0 will just return the value of the nearest node instead of interpolating. |
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−R |
xmin, xmax, ymin, and ymax specify the Region of interest. For geographic regions, these limits correspond to west, east, south, and north and you may specify them in decimal degrees or in [+-]dd:mm[:ss.xxx][W|E|S|N] format. Append r if lower left and upper right map coordinates are given instead of wesn. The two shorthands −Rg −Rd stand for global domain (0/360 or -180/+180 in longitude respectively, with -90/+90 in latitude). For calendar time coordinates you may either give relative time (relative to the selected TIME_EPOCH and in the selected TIME_UNIT; append t to −JX|x), or absolute time of the form [date]T[clock] (append T to −JX|x). At least one of date and clock must be present; the T is always required. The date string must be of the form [-]yyyy[-mm[-dd]] (Gregorian calendar) or yyyy[-Www[-d]] (ISO week calendar), while the clock string must be of the form hh:mm:ss[.xxx]. The use of delimiters and their type and positions must be as indicated (however, input/output and plotting formats are flexible). |
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−T |
Translate between grid and pixel registration while keeping −R and −I the same; if input is grid-registered, output will be pixel-registered and vice-versa. The input file determines −R, and −I so no other options are necessary (except possibly −L or −Q). |
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−V |
Selects verbose mode, which will send progress reports to stderr [Default runs "silently"]. |
If an interpolation point is not on a node of the input grid, then a NaN at any node in the neighborhood surrounding the point will yield an interpolated NaN. Bicubic interpolation [default] yields continuous first derivatives but requires a neighborhood of 4 nodes by 4 nodes. Bilinear interpolation [−Q] uses only a 2 by 2 neighborhood, but yields only zeroth-order continuity. Use bicubic when smoothness is important. Use bilinear to minimize the propagation of NaNs. |
To resample the 5 x 5 minute grid in hawaii_5by5_topo.grd onto a 1 minute grid: grdsample hawaii_5by5_topo.grd −I1m −Ghawaii_1by1_topo.grd To translate the gridline-registered file surface.grd to pixel registration: grdsample surface.grd −T −Gpixel.grd |